The Ghana Journal of Linguistics is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal appearing twice a year, published by the Linguistics Association of Ghana. Beginning with Volume 2 (2013) it is published in electronic format only, at and However, print-on-demand copies can be made available on application to Mr. Fred Labi of Digibooks Ghana Ltd.: or +233246493842.

The Editors welcome papers on all aspects of linguistics. Articles submitted should not have been previously published.

The Editors welcome reports on research in progress and brief notices of research findings, as well as news of general interest to linguists.

The Editors also welcome books from authors and publishers for review in the Ghana Journal of Linguistics. They may be sent to Ọbádélé Kambon Kambon, PhD, The Editor-in-Chief, Ghana Journal of Linguistics, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 1149, Accra, Ghana. Anyone who wishes to review a particular book is invited to contact the editor.

Submissions should be submitted electronically at They should be accompanied by a brief biographical note giving the author's name in the form it should appear in print plus current academic or professional position and field of research interest. Please see the inside back cover of this issue for detailed instructions.

The Ghana Journal of Linguistics is a publication of the Linguistics Association of Ghana.
Authors have sole responsibility for the content of their articles.

Publication Ethics & Publication Malpractice Statement

The editors of GJL are committed to following best practices on ethical matters, as monitoring publishing ethics and preventing publication malpractice are important aspects of the editorial and peer-review process.

Editors, authors and reviewers are expected to conform to the standards of ethical behaviour and plagiarism in any form will not be tolerated.

The following duties outlined for editors, authors, and reviewers are based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.


The editors of GJL are responsible for final publication decisions.

It is the editors’ responsibility to ensure the quality of material published, champion freedom of expression, maintain academic integrity, be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed and constantly improve the journal in order to meet the needs of readers and authors.

It is the editors’ responsibility to ensure that confidentiality is maintained in the review process, both in terms of the material under review and the identity of reviewers and authors.


Authors should adhere to a basic set of principles which include: reported findings and/or conceptual insights must be original; reports must contain, or permit reference to, sufficient detail of the methods and materials used in the study to permit replication in the hands of other scholars; reports must maintain integrity in that no inconsistent data are omitted or fabricated data presented; the (statistical) treatment of data must be thorough and the conclusions reasonable; the existing relevant literature must be appropriately and fairly cited; authorship must conform to the notions of responsibility and credit; speculative deductions and postulations must be clearly specified and kept to a minimum; acknowledgement of funding sources and possible conflict of interest must be complete, and author affiliations provided which reflect both the period of the study and the present situation.

Peer reviewers

Peer reviewers contribute to the editorial decision. GJL uses a double-blind peer-review system. 

It is a reviewer’s responsibility to be objective, to be prompt, to treat material under review in confidence, and to avoid conflicts of interest.

In particular, reviewers should scrutinise the methods and results of papers under review in terms of consistency, interpretability and likely reproducibility; identify gaps that could or should be filled to enhance the interpretability and strength of the findings and/or insights; suggest how the paper can be improved in terms of style, length and focus; assess the proper citation and referencing of previously published studies, including the critical issue of the originality of the work; contest conclusions not justified by the results or arguments presented; and ‘place’ the work in the existing matrix of knowledge in the relevant area or field.


The journal is backed up electronically via AJOL, which preserves access to the journal content in the event a journal is no longer published. This constitutes access to the archive of published papers.

The Ghana Journal of Linguistics is published by the Linguistics Association of Ghana.
Mailing address: Linguistics Department, P.O. Box LG 61, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
© Linguistics Association of Ghana, 2019.
ISSN 2026-6596